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最全的眼科缩写(美国)

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发表于 2008-4-7 08:52 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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abd┃abdominal 腹部的
ABK┃aphakic bullous keratopathy无晶体性大泡性角膜病变
abn┃abnormal异常
ac┃before meals餐前
AC┃anterior chamber前房
ACC┃accommodation调节
ACG┃angle-closure glaucoma闭角青光眼
ACIOL┃anterior chamber intraocular lens前房型眼内晶体
add┃adduction or reading additional power内收;阅读另加屈光力
ad lib┃as desired当需要时
adv┃advanced高度
AIBSE┃acute idiopathic blind spot enlargement急性特发性盲点扩大综合征
AIDS┃acquired immunodeficiency syndrome艾滋病
AION┃arteritic ischemic optic neuropathy动脉缺血性视神经病变┃anterior ischemic optic neuropathy前部缺血性视神经病变
AKS┃ankylosing spondylitis强直性脊椎炎
AL┃argon laser氩激光
ALPI┃argon laser peripheral iridoplasty氩激光周边虹膜成形术
ALT┃argon laser trabeculoplasty氩激光小梁成形术
AMA┃against medical advice违反医疗忠告
ambl┃amblyopia弱视
AMD┃age-related macular degeneration年龄相关性黄斑变性
AMN┃acute macular neuroretinopathy急性黄斑神经视网膜病变
AMPPE┃acute multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy 急性多病灶性盾鳞状色素上皮病变
AMPPPE┃acute multifocal posterior placoid pigment epitheliopathy急性多病灶性后部盾鳞状色素上皮病变
ANA┃antinuclear antibody抗核抗体
ant┃anterior前
APMPPE┃acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy 急性后部多病灶性盾鳞状色素上皮病变
AODM┃adult-onset diabetes mellitus成人(发病)型糖尿病
AP┃anteroposterior前后
APD┃afferent pupillary defect瞳孔传入缺陷
approx┃approximately大约
APTT┃activated partial thromboplastin time激活部分促凝血酶原激酶时间
ARC┃anomalous retinal correspondence异常视网膜对应
ARMD┃age-retinal pigment epitheliitis年龄相关性黄斑变性
ARN┃acute retinal necrosis急性视网膜坏死
ARPE┃acute retinal pegment epitheliitis急性视网膜色素上皮炎
art┃artificial tears人工泪液
AS┃anterior synechia前粘连
ASA┃aspirin(acetylsalicylic acid)阿司匹林
ASAP┃as soon as possible尽快地
ASC┃anterior subcapsular cataract前囊下白内障
ASCVD┃atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease动脉硬化性心血管病
ASHD┃atherosclerotic heart disease动脉硬化性心脏病
astig┃astigmatism散光
ATR┃against-the-rule(astigmatism)逆规性(散光)
AU┃anterior uveitis前葡萄膜炎
AVM┃arteriovenous malformation动静脉畸形
A/V┃arteriolar/venous(ratio,nicking)小动脉/静脉(比,压痕)
AZOOR┃acute zonal occult outer retinopathy急性区域性隐匿性外层视网膜病变
Bas┃basophils嗜碱细胞
BC┃base curve基底曲线
BCC┃basal cell carcinoma基底细胞癌
BCP┃birth control pill避孕丸
BCR┃base curve radius基底弯曲半径
BCVA┃best corrected visual acuity最佳矫正视力
BD┃base down底向下
BDR┃background diabetic retinopathy背景型糖尿病性视网膜病变
BI┃base in底向内
bid┃twice a day一日两次
bilat┃bilateral两侧性
BIO┃binocular indirect ophthalmoscope双眼间接检眼镜
BK┃bullous keratopathy大泡性角膜病变
bleph┃blepharitis睑缘炎
BM┃basement membrane基底膜
BO┃base out 底向外
BP┃blood pressure血压
BRAO┃branch retinal artery occlusion视网膜分枝动脉阻塞
BRVO┃branch retinal vein occlusion视网膜分枝静脉阻塞
BU┃base up底向上
BUT┃break-up time泪膜破裂时间
BVA┃best visual acuity最佳视力
bx┃biopsy活检
c┃with与
c┃cornea角膜
CA┃carcinoma癌
CABG┃coronary artery bypass graft冠状动脉旁路移植
CAD┃coronary artery disease冠状动脉病
CAI┃carbonic anhydrase inhibitor碳酸酐酶抑制剂
Cap  ┃capsule 胶囊
CAR┃cancer-associated retinopathy癌相关性视网膜病变
cat┃cataract白内障
CAT┃computed axial tomography计算机体层摄影术
CB┃ciliary body睫状体
CBC┃complete blood count完全血细胞计数
cc┃with correction矫正(视力)
cc┃chief complaint主诉
CCA┃common carotid artery颈总动脉
CCT┃computer-assisted corneal topography角膜地形图仪
C/D┃cup-to-disc ratio杯/盘比
CF┃count fingers数指
CFZ┃capillary-free zone无毛细血管地带
C&F┃cells and flare细胞和光带(闪光)
CHF┃congestive heart failure充血性心力衰竭
CHI┃closed head injury闭合性头颅外伤
CHRPE┃congenital hypertrophy of retinal pigment epithelium先天性视网膜色素上皮肥厚
CK┃conductive keratoplasty传导性角膜成形术
CL┃contact lens,clear接触镜,透明
CME┃cystoid macular edema囊样黄斑水肿
cmv┃cytomegalovirus巨细胞病毒
CN┃cranial nerve脑神经
CNS┃central nervous system中枢神经系统
CNV┃choroidal neovascularization脉络膜新生血管形成
CNVM┃choroidal neovascular membrane脉络膜新生血管膜
c/o┃complaining of主诉
COAG┃chronic open-angle glaucoma慢开角青光眼
cong┃congenital先天性
conj┃conjunctiva结膜
COP┃cicatricial ocular pemphigoid瘢痕性眼类天疱疮
COPD┃chronic obstructive pulmonary disease慢性阻塞性肺病
CP┃cerebral palsy大脑麻痹
CPEO┃chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia慢性进行性眼外肌麻痹
CPR┃cardiopulmonary resuscitation心肺复苏术
CR┃chorioretinal脉络膜视网膜
CRAO┃central retinal artery occlusion视网膜中央动脉阻塞
CRF┃chronic renal failure慢性肾衰竭
CRT┃corneal refractive therapy角膜屈光矫正法
CRVO┃central retinal vein occlusion视网膜中央静脉阻塞
C&S┃culture and sensitivity培养和敏感性
CSCR┃central serous chorioretinopathy中心性浆液性脉络膜视网膜病变
CSF┃cerebrospinal fluid脑脊髓液
CSME┃clinical significant macular edema临床意义性黄斑水肿
CSR┃central serous retinopathy中心性浆液性视网膜病变
csw┃corneoscleral wound角膜巩膜创伤
CT┃cover test遮盖试验┃computed tomography计算机体层摄影
CT scan┃computed tomographic scan计算机体层扫描
CV┃color vision色觉
CVA┃cerebrovascular accident脑中风
CVD┃cardiovascular disease 心血管病
CWS┃cotton-wool spot棉絮斑
Cx┃culture(微生物)培养
CXR┃chest x-ray film胸部X光片
cyl┃cylinder柱镜
d┃days天
D┃diopter or diameter屈光度或直径
D/C┃discontinue停止
D&C┃deep and clear(前房)深而透明
DD┃disc diameter视盘直径
DDx┃differential diagnosis鉴别诊断
DFE┃dilated fundus examination扩瞳检查眼底
D&I┃ dilation and irrigation(泪道)扩张和灌洗
DHD┃dissociated horizontal deviation分离性水平偏斜
dia┃diameter直径
disp┃dispense配药
DM┃diabetes mellitus糖尿病
DR┃diabetic retinopathy糖尿病视网膜病变
DV┃distance vision远距离视力
DVA┃distance vision acuity远距离视力
DVD┃dissociated vertical deviation分离性垂直偏离
DW┃daily wear每日戴(接触镜)
Dx┃diagnosis诊断
DX┃Diamox醋氮酰胺
E┃esophoria at far内隐斜(视远)
E’ ┃esophoria at near内隐斜(视近)
ECA┃external carotid artery颈外动脉
ECCE┃extracapsular cataract extraction白内障囊外摘除术
EDTA┃ethylene dianline tetraacctic acid乙烯dianline tetraacctic酸
EEG┃electroencephalogram脑电图
EF┃eccentric fixation离心注视
EKC┃epidemic keratoconjunctivitis流行性角结膜炎
EKGorECG┃electrocardiogram心电图
ELISA┃enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay酶连结免疫吸收测定
EMM┃epimacular membrane黄斑表面膜
endo┃endothelium内皮细胞
ENT┃ear,nose,throat耳鼻喉
EOG┃electro-oculogram眼电图
EOM┃extraocular muscles眼外肌
eos┃eosinophil嗜酸型细胞
epi┃epithelium上皮细胞
ER┃emergency room急诊室
ERG┃electroretinogram视网膜电图
ERM┃epiretinal membrane视网膜表面膜
ESR┃erythrocyte sedimentation rate血沉
ET┃esotropia at far内斜视(视远)
ET’ ┃esotropia at near内隐斜(视近)
E(T)orIET┃intermittent esotropia at far间歇性内隐斜(视近)
E(T)’orIET’┃ intermittent esotropia at near间歇性内隐斜(视远)
ETOH┃ethyl alcohol乙醇,酒精
EUA ┃examination under anesthesia全麻下检查
EW┃extended wear长期戴用(接触镜)
EXT┃external ocular examination外眼检查
exoph┃exophthalmos眼球突出
FA┃fluorescein angiography荧光素血管造影
FAZ┃fluorescein angiography中心凹无血管地带
FB┃foreign body异物
FBS┃fasting blood sugar空腹血糖
FC┃finger count数指
FFA┃fundus fluorescein angiography荧光素眼底血管造影
FHorFHx┃family history家族史
fl┃fluorescein荧光素
FMHx┃family medical history家族病史
FML┃fluorometholone弗米隆
FOHx┃family ocular history家族眼病史
FR┃foveal reflex中心凹反光
FROM┃full range of motion运动范围完整
FTA-ABS┃fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test荧光密螺旋体抗体吸收试验
FTMH┃full-thickness macular hole黄斑全层裂孔
f/u┃follow-up随访
GC┃gonorrhea or gonococcus淋病或淋菌
GCA┃giant cell arteritis巨细胞性动脉炎
gent┃gentamicin庆大霉素
GI┃gastrointestine胃肠
GLC┃glaucoma,glucose青光眼,葡萄糖
fonio┃gonioscopy前房角镜检查
GPC┃giant papillary conjunctivitis巨乳头性结膜炎
gr┃grain 谷(=0.065克)
gt or gtt┃drop(Plural,gtt)滴(复数,gtt)
GTT┃glucose tolerance test葡萄糖耐量试验
GVF┃Goldmann visual field Goldmann视野
H or hr(hrs) ┃hour小时
HA┃headache头痛
Hb,Hgb┃hemoglobin血红蛋白
HCL┃hard contact lens硬性接触镜
Hct┃hematocrit血细胞比容
HCTZ┃hydrocholorothiazide呋塞米(双氢克尿塞)
hem┃hemorrhage出血
HIV┃human immunodeficiency virus人类免疫缺陷病毒
HLA┃histocompatibility locus antigen or human leukocyte antigen组织相容性基因位点抗原或人类白细胞抗原
h/o┃history of历史
HM┃hand motion手动
H&P┃history and physical病史和体格
hs┃at bedtime在就寝时间
HSK┃herpes simplex keratitis单纯疱疹性角膜炎
HSV┃herpes simplex virus单纯疱疹病毒
HT┃hypertropia at far上斜视(远距离)
HT’ ┃hypertropia at near上斜视(近距离)
HTN┃hypertension高血压
HVF┃Humphrey visual field Humphrey视野
Hx┃history历史
HZO┃herpes zoster ophthalmicus眼带状疱疹
I┃iris虹膜
I&A┃irrigation and aspiration灌注和抽吸
IBx┃incisional biopsy切口性活检
IC┃iridocyclitis虹膜睫状体炎
ICA┃internal carotid artery颈内动脉
ICCE┃intracapsular cataract extraction白内障囊内摘除术
ICE┃inidocorneal endothelial syndrome虹膜角膜内皮综合征
ICG┃indocyanine green吲哚青绿
ICP┃intracranial pressure颅内压
ICU┃intensive care unit监护病房
I&D┃incision and drainage切开引流术
IDDM┃insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus胰岛素依赖糖尿病
IDU┃idoxuridine疱疹净
IFIOL┃iris-fixated intraocular lens虹膜固定眼内晶体
Ig┃immunoglobulin免疫球蛋白
IK┃interstitial keratitis基质性角膜炎
Im┃intramuscular肌内
Imp┃impression印象
inf┃inferior下
inj┃injection注射
INO┃internuclear ophthalmoplegia核间眼肌麻痹
INQ┃inferonasal quadrant鼻下象限
int┃intermittent间歇性
IOFB┃intraocular forergn body眼内异物
IOH┃intraocular hemorrhage眼内出血
IOL┃intraocular lens眼内晶状体,人工晶体
ION┃ischemic optic neuropathy缺血性视神经病变
IOP┃intraocular pressure眼压
IR┃infrared红外线
IRMA┃intraretinal microvascular abnormality视网膜内微血管异常
ITQ┃inferotemporal quadrant颞下象限
iu┃international unit or intermediate uveitis国际单位或中间葡萄膜炎
IV┃intravenous静脉内
JCT┃Juxtacanalicular Tissue管旁组织
JODM┃juvenile-onset diabetes mellitus青少年型糖尿病
JRA┃juvenile rheumatoid arthritis少年类风湿性关节炎
K┃cornea or potassium角膜或钾
KCS┃keratoconjunctivitis sicca干燥性角膜结膜炎
kg┃kilogram公斤
KP┃keratic precipiate角膜后沉着物
L┃left or lens左或晶状体
lab┃laboratory试验室
lac┃lacrimal泪
LASEK┃laser subepithelial keratomileusis激光上皮下角膜磨削术
LASIK┃laser in situ keratomileusis激光原位角膜磨削术
LCG┃light contrast glare光对比炫耀
LCTP┃lateral canthal tendon plication外眦腱折叠术
LI┃laser iridotomy or laser interferometry激光虹膜切开术或激光干涉仪
LK,LKP┃lamellar keratoplasty板层角膜移植术
LIO┃left inferior oblique左眼下斜肌
LIR┃left inferior rectus左眼下直肌
LL┃lower lid or lids and lashes下睑或眼睑和睫毛
LLR┃left lateral rectus左眼外直肌
LMR┃left medial rectus左眼内直肌
LN┃lymph node淋巴结
LP┃light perception,light projection,or lumber puncture光感,光定位,或腰椎穿刺
LPI┃laser peripheral iridoplasty激光周边虹膜成形术
LS┃lid scrubs睑缘擦洗(治疗睑缘炎)
LSO┃laser scanner ophthalmolscope激光扫描检眼镜
LSO┃left superior oblique左眼上斜肌
LSR┃left superior rectus左眼上直肌
LTP┃laser trabeculoplasy激光小梁成形术
LTQ┃lower temporal quadrant颞下象限
LVA┃low vision aids低视力辅助
lymph┃lymphocytes or lymphatic淋巴细胞或淋巴
mac┃macular黄斑
mand┃mandibular下颌骨
MAR┃melanoma-associated retinopathy黑色素相关的视网膜病变
max┃maximum or maxillary最大值或上颌骨
MCH┃mean corpuscular hemoglobin 平均血细胞血红蛋白
MCHC┃mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration平均血细胞血红蛋白浓度
MCV┃mean corpuscular volume平均血细胞体积
ME┃macular edema黄斑水肿
MEDs┃medications药物治疗
mERG┃multifocal ERG多区域(多焦)视网膜电图

希望版主给以肯定和加分。 我会继续努力的。谢谢!!!
发表于 2008-4-11 04:24 | 显示全部楼层
好棒,很有用呀,谢谢
发表于 2008-4-11 18:04 | 显示全部楼层
:D :D 这位同志很用心啊!!!

真是很不错,我也要向你学习,多努力:D !
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